Oral surgery is a branch of dentistry that includes all surgical procedures performed in the dental office to save recoverable teeth, but also to remove teeth affected by severe complications of diseases. In other words, surgery deals with the diagnosis and treatment of functional, aesthetic problems of mouth, teeth, gums, jaw and mandible.
Oral-tooth surgery also includes various maneuvers needed to prepare the ground for subsequent prosthetic restorations or insertion of implants.
Oral dental surgery can be divided into 2 large sub-ranges depending on the complexity of the dental maneuvers:
Oral-dental surgery (oro-maxillo-facial (OMF) or buco-maxilo-facial (BMF)}
1. Oral-Maxillofacial Surgery (OMF) is that division of dental medicine that deals with all the cavity disorders requiring surgical treatment. It is a complex medical branch that combines aesthetic surgery (correction of surplus tissue and dento-maxillary anomalies) and oncological surgery (removal of intraoral tumors, removal of cysts). Oro-maxillo-facial surgery is often performed at specialized hospitals with admission, requiring permanent medical staff support.
2. Dental Alveolar Surgery is a specialty of dental medicine that can be practiced in the dental clinic and deals with the study, prevention and treatment including surgical dento-periodontal diseases. Of these dental treatments we list the most common ones: dental extractions, apical resection, subgingival curettage, periodontal surgery, dental implant, cystectomy, etc.
Dental extraction (exodosis). It is dental workmanship that removes a sick tooth that causes and maintains local and / or general pathological reactions that can not be overcome by other less invasive dental treatments.
Apical resection. It is a surgical method in endodontic conservative therapy, which consists in removing dental apex (root tip) together with surrounding bone tissue infected, whether or not preceded by correct endodontic dentistry treatment and perfect channel filling by retrograde closure with glass ionomer cement.
Subgingival Chiuretaj. This is the dental maneuver for the purpose of cleaning the tooth root for gingival reconstruction. This is done using dental instruments called periodontal curettes, by removing the bacterial plaque, tartar and affected tissues.
Periodontal surgery includes all invasive dental maneuvers of dental treatment against periodontal disease. The path to the periodontal disease itself starts from inappropriate oral hygiene and is manifested by red and sensitive gums that bleed during brushing, itching and mild gingival pain – gingivitis. At this early stage, dental treatment is non-invasive. Untreated, gingivitis leads to periodontitis (periodontitis). Dental treatment in this case may also involve invasive dental maneuvers specific to periodontal surgery, such as: gingivectomy, mucosal graft, compromised teeth removal, root planing, bone addition and guided tissue regeneration, subgingival curettage, etc.
Dental implantology is part of the buccal-maxillo-facial surgery, which involves performing dental prosthetic works with support on the dental implant mounted in the bone. The most common dental implant is a “screw” type with a large contact surface, which ensures a stable fixation. Patients with dental implants can eat almost anything, smiling confidently and without restraint.
Chisthectomy is an invasive dental procedure, part of the dental treatment of extirpation of a cyst that appears in the area of buco-maxilo-facial interest.
The Dental Stephany Dental Cabinet is available with professionalism and care, regardless of the complexity of your dental problems.